Parking on pavements should be banner? Do you believe so?


Once I heard how the Guide Dogs for the Blind charity had launched a campaign to have parking on pavements banned, I was right behind it.

It seems I’m not the only one – a brand new poll commissioned by the charity found that 69% of men and women would support a new law banning pavement parking.

And also in a separate part of research, 78% of local authority councillors said they would support it too.

Selfish parking

I am always amazed at the selfishness of motorists with regards to parking.

In one occasion in London I came across a Mini Cooper parked in the middle of the pavement!

I could not believe that anyone would be so brazenly inconsiderate as to do such a thing.

It absolutely was inconvenient in my opinion having to squeeze past the car but a blind person would have walked right into it.

The problem of pavement parkers

Elsewhere too, though since then, I’ve noticed the amount of pavement parkers there are – not just in London.

It even happens where I live in Devon.

Many motorists will just pull up to the pavement as it saves them a few minutes’ walk, although here, there’s really no excuse because there is generally ample space to park.

It’s something certain to annoy me, particularly because my father had multiple sclerosis and used a wheelchair.

Kerbs could be tricky at the best of times, as whoever has pushed you will know.

And the prospect of having to bump down and up them, and wheel the chair within the gutter just because of someone’s lack of forethought is infuriating.

‘I think it’s selfish’

boy in baby buggyAnd of course it’s extremely tough for parents pushing buggies also.

It’s a nightmare attempting to get past having a double buggy and another child in tow, says Cathryn Scott, 35, a yoga teacher and mother-of-three from Cardiff.

I often find myself needing to navigate the four of us in the road because the buggy just won’t fit.

I think it’s selfish and shows an entire disregard for other people’s safety.

Legislation on pavement parking

Looking further to the topic I discovered how hazy current legislation actually is.

Driving on a pavement has been an offence since the Highways Act of 1835.

But while parking with a pavement is against the law in London, it’s not elsewhere.

That’s why The Highway Code states, in rule 244, that motorists should never park partially or wholly on the pavement in London but says that motorists should not do this elsewhere unless signs permit it.

Councils should act

Councils may have powers within the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 to restrict or ban parking on individual streets through the making of the Traffic Regulation Order.

And a few councils, including Exeter and Worcester, have banned parking on pavements through private Acts of Parliament.

However these processes might be time-consuming.

This has led to Guide Dogs to the Blind is calling for a ban that operates throughout the UK, with councils having the capacity to specifically permit it on certain roads.

Justice for pedestrians!

I think this is an excellent idea as it gives flexibility for councils to permit pavement parking in some specific locations – such as very narrow streets – and freedom from pavement parking for the rest of us.

The charity Living Streets, which champions the rights of pedestrians, also campaigns against pavement parking.

It offers information on the legal issues, posters that can be downloaded for display in local shop windows or libraries and template letters you are able to send for your local council or police.

So if it’s an issue that infuriates you too, then get in touch with them.

Family Destinations in SoCal

I’m not one to use the word “blessed” very often. I’m not particularly religious though I have had a Bar Mitzvah and I do like to celebrate religious holidays from all walks of life. However, when it comes to living in Southern California and having a family and wanting to take them to memorable, wonderful place, I can truly say that I am blessed. So are you if you live here too. In a winter in which the vast majority of our country is literally buried under actual yards of snow, we relish the opportunity to put on a sweater. Not only is our weather far superior to anyone else’s in the United States, we also have a wealth of unparalleled family destinations that are enriching, entertaining and memorable. Sure, we have Disneyland, Knott’s Berry Farms, and Sea World – those are all great and definitely worthy of a family outing – but we have so much more! California is home to 59 National Parks! Many of them you’ve probably heard of, but many of them you certainly haven’t. It’s amazing!

DTLA 7-1

No talk about family destinations in SoCal would be complete without mentioning – Nay, praising! – Yosemite. It’s not among the most visited National Parks in the country by accident. It is home to many of the most famous geological landmarks in the country, including Half Dome and Yosemite Falls. Earlier this year, Yosemite was front page news as two rock climbers ascended the towering wall, El Capitan, with no ropes. This is not a family friendly activity! However, the rest of the park is. If you’ve already been to Yosemite, I recommend a place that is more of the opposite. Death Valley is an unbeatable winter destination. Just remember, it’s called Death Valley because there is no water anywhere. You must bring your own. And if you and your family fancy an off-road adventure, make sure you’re piloting the right car. For my money, you can’t beat a brand new hybrid Nissan Pathfinder.

DTLA 7-2

As you can see, it’s wildly spacious, but that’s just the beginning. Not only can you store all the water that your family will need, but you can carry everything else! And with its surprising fuel efficiency and hybrid engine, one tank of gas will suffice for the whole weekend. It’s perfect for off road driving and offers such safety and comfort that you and your family will be appreciating the dynamic, unique landscape and not fretting about the heat.

DTLA 7-3

If you are planning on doing some great exploring with your family, do yourself a favor and get the appropriate SUV to ensure comfort and safety. Go online to either Nissan Cerritos or Downtown Nissan and find the perfect vehicle for you!

Ford Transit Connect Has Family-Grade Features


The original Explorer was a barely disguised Ranger pickup truck with a backseat and enclosed cab bolted on, and it also went on to wild popularity. Will it do so again, even though this concept of civilizing a workhorse has succeeded in the past? We merely bought a Ford Transit Connect to find out choosing, the family-grade edition of this commercial-focused van.

Following its past minivan naming conventions, Ford calls the mainly people-carrying Transit Connect version a wagon; otherwise, the commercial model is named a van.

Based on the Ford Focus, the Transit Connect offers seating for five or seven passengers, comes with dual-sliding side doors, and can haul lots of stuff when you fold all the seats. Well, that sounds like a minivan. Additionally, it offers a choice of fuel-thrifty four-cylinder engines. Seems like a good start.

We bought a 2014, seven-passenger XLT version with the base 169-hp, 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine and six-speed automatic. Your best option we got was 16-inch alloy wheels, bringing the grand total to $28,015. (The optional powertrain is actually a 1.6-liter turbocharged four-cylinder that promises slightly better fuel economy.)

The first thing you find when you slide behind the steering wheel is it has enough head room for just about the tallest person you’ll ever meet. Its upright design for your driving position, door openings, and low step-in causes it to be one of the easiest models to obtain in and out of. The cloth seats in ours have drawn mixed reviews; some testers are finding them reasonably comfortable, others thought these were a bit hard and narrow.

Our miles accumulated thus far show that, despite its tall stature, the Transit Connect returns fairly nimble handling-specifically for a van. Even though Ford affectionately calls this a “wagon,” it doesn’t feel as carlike as a lot of our favorites, including an Acura TSX, Audi Allroad, or Volkswagen Jetta SportWagen.

The transmission and engine seem to be a sufficient pair, even though some drivers describe the performance as lazy. We haven’t yet taxed it with a full load aboard, even though engine power is reasonable. We’re seeing about 22 to 24 mpg overall in mixed driving.

Tooling about on secondary roads and highways shows that the ride is sort of choppy and stiff yet not backbreaking. Noise levels are amped up on the highway with many wind and engine racket seeping in. Not surprising, as this thing has the aerodynamics of a brick. You won’t accuse this big box of being as quiet as being an opera house, though it is not necessarily the noisiest van we’ve driven.

But a couple of things have really torqued us off. First, configuring the rear for either passenger or cargo hauling is among the most frustrating exercises we’ve been through for a while. Knowing which fabric straps to pull or seatbacks to push to raise or lower the seats has confounded more than one driver. Good luck attempting this minus the owner’s manual in hand. The second glaring problem is the lack of modern electronic features. Ours doesn’t have Bluetooth or even a USB port. Sync with MyFord Touch is available.

All in all, the Transit Connect doesn’t seem poised to overtake the Honda Odyssey or Toyota Sienna as top minivan picks. But plumbers and electricians might check this out as a lower-priced and fuel-efficient alternative. To the general population, perhaps the simplest way to look at the Transit Connect is in comparison with the overlooked (and also good) Mazda5 and the Ford C-Max-vehicles that provide a lot of space in a small footprint and also for not a whole lot of money. For now, we’ll still drive this vanlike vehicle and prepare it for more formal testing.

SUVs you should get when you are in fuel-efficiency


SUVs are extremely versatile vehicles for transporting passengers in addition to cargo. Many SUVs have fuel economy that are much like sedans. Regular gasoline engines can be gas sippers in SUVs at the same time, even though there are several hybrids and diesel SUVs although now you don’t have to sacrifice fuel economy to get the space you want.

Among Consumer Reports’ vehicle test criteria are measurements of fuel economy. Our fuel economy numbers come from our measurements by using a precision flow meter and they are rounded for the nearest mile per gallon (mpg).

Our overall mileage is calculated from equal portions of city and expressway driving.

The chart that follows features the 37 most fuel-efficient SUVs that Consumer Reports has tested. (See our list of the most fuel-efficient cars). Also see our Ratings comparison by category (available to subscribers), which lists each vehicle’s overall mileage. (Find out how you may compare these cars and have unlimited price reports together with the Cars Greatest Deals Plus.)

Rank Make & model CR Overall MPG City MPG Highway MPG

1 Lexus RX 450h 26 22 31

2 Subaru XV Crosstrek Premium 26 19 34

3 Mini Countryman S 26 19 33

4 Subaru Forester 2.5i Premium 26 18 35

5 Mazda CX-5 Touring 2.0L

25 19 32

6 Mazda CX-5 Touring 2.5L 25 19 32

7 Nissan Juke SV 24 18 31

8 Toyota RAV4 XLE 24 18 31

9 Volkswagen Touareg TDI 24 17 31

10 Nissan Rogue 24 17 30

11 Mitsubishi Outlander Sport SE 23 18 28

12 Hyundai Santa Fe Sport 23 17 30

13 Mitsubishi Outlander SE 23 17 30

14 BMW X1 xiDrive28i 23 16 32

15 Buick Encore Leather 23 16 32

16 Honda CR-V EX 23 16 32

17 BMW X3 xDrive28i 23 16 30

18 Nissan Rogue Select 22 17 27

19 Kia Sportage LX (4-cyl.) 22 16 30

20 Hyundai Tucson GLS 22 16 28

21 Ford Escape SE

22 15 31

22 Jeep Cherokee Latitude (4-cyl.) 22 15 31

23 Ford Escape Titanium

22 15 29

24 Jeep Compass Latitude 22 15 29

25 Acura RDX 22 14 31

26 Volkswagen Tiguan SEL 21 16 27

27 Kia Sportage SX (turbo) 21 15 29

28 Jeep Patriot Latitude 21 15 28

29 Lexus RX350 21 15 27

30 Honda Crosstour EX-L 21 14 32

31 Chevrolet Equinox 1LT (4-cyl.) 21 14 30

32 Audi Q5 Premium Plus 21 14 29

33 Ford Edge SEL (4-cyl.) 21 14 29

34 Jeep Cherokee Limited (V6)

21 14 29

35 Land Rover Range Rover Evoque Pure 21 14 29

36 Mercedes-Benz GLK350 21 14 29

37 BMW X5 xDrive35i 21 14 28

In addition to reviews and research, Consumer Reports offers subscribers access to the Build & Buy Car Buying Service at no additional cost. Through the service, a nationwide network greater than 7,000 participating dealers provide upfront pricing information, as well as a certificate to receive guaranteed savings off MSRP (generally in most states). The pricing information and guaranteed savings includes eligible incentives. Consumer Reports subscribers have saved an average of $2,919 off MSRP with all the Build & Buy Car Buying Service.

Best and worst new cars

See our best and worst section to help you filter down your purchase considerations including best new cars under $25K, worst and finest new car values, and most fun to drive. Plus, check out our guide to fuel economy for gas saving tips.

Touring a Car Dealership


Touring car dealerships is an important a part of the car buying process as any. There are a multitude of reasons you should tour a dealership before you make a purchase, not least among them the importance of your comfort and the fact that you’ll be bringing your car back to the dealership long after the initial purchase if you have any type of warranty or service package.


When you visit a car lot, simply ask the salesperson who you’re working with if you can have a tour. They’re usually happy to accommodate you. Make sure they know that you want to see more than just the car lot. Of course, you’ll want to walk around the lot and see all the available cars. But ask to see inside the dealership too. Talk to people inside, visit your salesperson’s office, and make sure that you check out the service center. The service center might be the most important thing to view. When you buy a new car, it often comes with a warranty or package that includes basic service for the first few years of the cars’ life. If your car comes with this, it means that you’ll be visiting the service center at a dealership like Redlands Nissan every time you need an oil change or tire rotation.
Of course, while you’re walking around seeing the dealership, you’re getting a chance to get to know your salesperson too and during this time you can assess if you think they’re a good match for you. Do you feel comfortable talking to them about what you want in a car and telling them no if they show you something that isn’t right for you? A dealership tour somewhere like Metro Nissan Redlands is a great way to get to know both the dealership and staff.

You Wouldn’t want to believe these gas-saving tips & myths


As the summer travel season rolls in, prices at the gas pump are usually going in the wrong direction for our wallets. That’s when drivers become more concerned about how to squeeze the most miles from their fuel dollars whilst keeping their cars running their very best.

To help you continue in the know, here are some common questions which our auto experts often get asked about fuel useage and related topics:

What’s the best way to cut fuel costs?

Slow down. Within our tests, we’ve found that driving faster on the highway can really go on a bite out of your car’s fuel efficiency. We measured gasoline consumption while driving at a steady65 and 55, and 75 mph in a Honda Accord, Toyota RAV4, and three versions of a Ford Fusion, including a hybrid. The drop in fuel economy while going from 55 to 65 rangedfrom 4 to 8 mpg. Upping the pace from 65 to 75 cut it 5 to 7 mpg more. Overall, accelerating from 55 mph to 75 is much like moving coming from a compact car to a large SUV.

Can you imagine if I need to carry stuff in my car’s roof?

Carrying things on the roof increases aerodynamic drag, which hurts fuel economy. When we tested a ? 2013 Honda ? Accord at the steady 65 mph, it got 42 mpg with nothing on the roof. Adding even an empty bike rack dropped the mileage by 5 mpg, to 37. A wind deflector reduced the wind noise but cut gas mileage to 35 mpg. Together with two bikes on the rack, gas mileage dropped to 27 mpg, a whopping 15-mpg difference overall. Similarly, whenever we tested a ? 2008 Camry with a large car-top carrier, fuel economy dropped by 5 mpg.

Does running the A/C hurt fuel economy compared with opening the windows?

It depends on how hard the air-­conditioning system has to work. When we measured the fuel-economy difference in a ? 2008 Ford Focus, Honda ? Accord, and Subaru Forester, we found out that fuel use with the ? A/C running increased with higher outside temperatures. ? At 55° F, there were negligible differences. But when we measured again on days when the temperature was in the low 70s and high 80s, we got fewer miles per gallon using the ? A/C on. In general, expect 1 to 4 mpg less with air conditioning.

When Deciding To Get New Car Over A Used Car


Despite big promotional events and appealing advertisements, new cars come with hefty price tags and lose their value quickly due to depreciation. In fact, there are several benefits to getting a used car for affordable over a completely new one.

However, there are a few specific occasions when a brand new car isn’t just a luxury indulgence and a way to pamper yourself. It actually makes more sense to purchase new in these instances.

In the six situations below, a new car might be the wise and worthwhile purchase for you.

Benefits of Getting a New Car

1. New Safety Technology

In the automobile industry, the amazing power of computer processors has sparked a technology revolution, and manufacturers are finally using technology to further improve safety. Once you spend on a fresh car, you can get advanced safety features including:

Similar to earlier developments like anti-lock brakes, these new features are quickly trickling down from high-end luxury cars to family sedans and even economy brands. It’s too soon to discover them generally in most used vehicles, but you can find affordable new cars with great safety features.

2. Fuel Efficiency Breakthroughs

Federal regulations have average fuel efficiency set to rocket from 27.5 MPG in 2010 to 39 MPG by 2016. While small fuel efficient cars have been on the market for a few years, the mileage ratings of other vehicles – usually more budget-friendly cars – have languished until now. Over the following few years you’ll see minivans, pickup trucks, luxury cars, and even sports cars posting efficiency numbers that were once only located in hybrids and small economy cars.

In the event you put plenty of mileage in your car, you may balance upfront cost of a brand new car with all the long-term savings of a more potent engine (particularly with gas prices rising).

3. Alternative Energy Advances

Though the ethanol boom has faded, other alternative energy trends are here to stay. Pure electric vehicles like the new Nissan Leaf and the Ford Focus Electric promise to dramatically cut energy costs per mile driven. Their equivalent fuel economy ratings are in the triple digits, making a Toyota Prius seem like a gas guzzler. Never to be outdone, GM is already selling the Chevrolet Volt, their plug-in hybrid that will run on either gas or electricity. A plug-in Prius and the Ford C-Max Energi should also hit the market next year.

Don’t forget that electric cars aren’t the only alternative-fuel vehicles. Diesel-engine cars, long popular in Europe, are making a big comeback in America. They offer high mileage, especially on the highway. Honda even sells a methane-powered version from the Civic, which is in high demand in parts of the country where natural gas is cheap.

You can save 1000s of dollars in energy expenses within a few years with one of these new vehicles. Electric cars won’t be around in the second hand car market until a few years from now, and they’re going to be in extremely high-demand, which means their prices will likely be higher than most used cars.

4. Cars for the Long Haul

If you plan to keep a car for a few years and then sell or trade it set for another second hand car, used cars make sense. But if you plan to keep up with maintenance and enjoy the odometer roll way past 100,000 miles, you may not want the uncertain history that accompany a used car. Rather than concern yourself with a previous owner who skipped oil changes or abused an older car, with a new car you know that you’re responsible for gentle driving and regular maintenance. Owning a car for a decade or more will mitigate the initially high taxes and depreciation enough that they may average out to be close to the costs of any used car.

5. Government Incentives

Cash for Clunkers went and came, and traditional hybrids no longer earn green energy tax credits. But you can continue to find lots of government incentives that cut the price of new electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids, and alternative-fuel vehicles. The natural gas-powered Honda Civic GX, for example, comes with a $4,000 tax credit. If you buy a plug-in hybrid or pure electric car, you’ll be entitled to a whopping $7,500 tax credit.

Remember, this is not merely a tax deduction, it’s a tax credit: the same in principle as cash back. Learn more about the differences between a tax credit vs. a tax deduction.

6. Simpler Needs, Simpler Costs

You might be drawn completely to another car by a low advertised price, simply to learn from the vehicle dealership how the base pricing is for a low- or no-frills model. To get the advanced features like cruise control, voice recognition, a navigation system, and seat warmers, you’ll handle a list of expensive options, often adding just as much as $10,000 to your total – before taxes.

When you know that you don’t want pricey options like “pearlescent” paint coating, larger wheels, and even an automatic transmission, you’ll probably find less of a difference between the values of new cars and used cars. You can custom order a brand new car in the dealer without all of the unnecessary options and obtain a competitive price for a brand new car if you’re just looking to get to the office or train station and back.

Final Word

Anyone that tells you the new car vs. second hand car debate has an absolute winner hasn’t really considered every circumstance.

In the majority of situations, a used car will be the lower-cost, higher-value option. Although with recent advances in government and technology incentives, new cars have enough significant benefits that they’re often worth the extra expense. It’s up to you as being a smart consumer to weigh your needs from the benefits and costs of both new and used cars. Don’t be surprised in the event you occasionally find that the new car represents better value.

Was your latest car get a new or used vehicle? How have you finally choose?

Upgrade Your Life To Make A New and Happier You

Sometimes we get stuck in being down in the dumps and we get tired of living in the kind of life we live in. It can be a spiral downward that gets us caught up in a whirlwind if self doubt and unhappiness. But that’s silly – life is precious. As far as we know, we are the only life in the entire solar system (of course, expand to nearby galaxies and consider the great timeline of the universe, it would be statistically impossible that we’re the only life ever to live). So cheer up, and turn over a new leaf with these great ideas for turning that frown upside down.

Buy Yourself a New Set of Wheels


Now – new cars are expensive, so we’re not saying that you should walk into the nearest Mercedes dealer and get yourself some 100,000 dollar car. But sometimes just getting a different car is all you need to make your day a brighter day. Out with old, in with new. So head to the used cars cerritos and find something within your budget and get going with that new car. The thing is, you can trade your current car in and probably get a reasonable deal on a new one. Doesn’t matter what it is, just something new. The options are almost limitless at McPeek Dodge so don’t delay!

Kitchen Appliances


Another way to upgrade your life is to get some new kitchen appliances that will increase your quality of life. Sometimes we think there are certain things we can’t have and we have to go to the store for these items and that can cost money, money we don’t think we have and so we don’t get these things. So you should get an espresso maker and make those Americanos you send $4 on at Starbucks. Also, a deep fryer to make homemade wings (you can’t win friends with baked wings) is another life upgrade. Also a blender, so you can make delicious and healthful smoothies.

Shop at H&M


Sometimes we get down in the dumps because our clothes are old and ratty, or at least boring and lame. You can remedy that by going to a store like H&M where the clothing is cool looking and not all that expensive. It’s amazing how far you can stretch the dollar at H&M and come out looking like a top shelf model. It’s going to help you get up and go at the beginning of the day when you look in the mirror and see a handsome fella staring back at you who clearly has a self confidence that is unrivaled by others that he may be interacting with on a daily basis. It’s a fantastic way to get a better self image.

So there you have it, you’ll look cool, eat wings, and have a new set of wheels. It’s a great way to turn that life upward! Get ready world!

Steering System Designs You Should Consider


There really are only two basic categories of steering system today; those that have pitman arms using a steering ‘box’ and those that don’t. Older cars and some current trucks use pitman arms, so for the sake of completeness, I’ve documented some common types. Newer cars and unibody light-duty trucks typically all use some derivative of rack and pinion steering.

Pitman arm components

Pitman arm mechanisms have a steering ‘box’ where the shaft from the steering wheel comes in along with a lever arm comes out – the pitman arm. This pitman arm is connected to the track rod or centre link, which is supported by idler arms. The tie rods connect to the track rod. There are a large number of variations of the actual mechanical linkage from direct-link where the pitman arm is connected directly to the track rod, to compound linkages where it is associated with one end of the steering system or perhaps the track rod via other rods. The example here shows a compound link (left).

Before the front wheels begin to turn, many of the steering box mechanisms that drive the pitman arm have a ‘dead spot’ inside the centre from the steering where you could turn the steering wheel a small amount. This slack can normally be adjusted by using a screw mechanism but it can’t ever be eliminated. The traditional benefit from these systems is that they give bigger mechanical advantage and thus work well on heavier vehicles. With the development of power steering, that has become a moot point and the steering system design is now more to do with mechanical weight, price and design. The following are the 4 basic types of steering box used in pitman arm systems.

Worm and sector

Worm and sector pitman arm steering box

In this sort of steering box, the end of your shaft from your steering wheel includes a worm gear attached to it. It meshes directly having a sector gear (so called because it’s a section of a full gear wheel). When the controls is turned, the shaft turns the worm gear, and the sector gear pivots around its axis as its teeth are moved across the worm gear. The sector gear is mounted on the cross shaft which passes through the steering box and out the bottom where it is splined, and also the the pitman arm is attached to the splines. When the sector gear turns, it turns the cross shaft, which turns the pitman arm, giving the output motion that is fed into the mechanical linkage around the track rod. The following diagram shows the active components that are present inside the sector and worm steering box. The package itself is sealed and filled with grease.

Worm and roller

Worm and roller pitman arm steering box

The worm and roller steering box is similar in design to the sector and worm box. The difference the following is that as opposed to having a sector gear that meshes with all the worm gear, there is a roller instead. The roller is attached to a roller bearing shaft and is held captive on the end of your cross shaft. As the worm gear turns, the roller is forced to move along it but because it is held captive on the cross shaft, it twists the cross shaft. Typically in these designs, the worm gear is actually an hourglass shape so that it is wider at the ends. Without the hourglass shape, the roller might disengage from this at the extents of its travel.

Worm and nut or recirculating ball

Worm and nut pitman arm steering box

This can be by far the most everyday sort of steering box for pitman arm systems. In a recirculating ball steering box, the worm drive has many more turns on it with a finer pitch. A box or nut is clamped on the worm drive that contains lots of ball bearings. These loop around the worm drive then out right into a recirculating channel within the nut where they may be fed back into the worm drive again. Hence recirculating. As the steering wheel is turned, the worm drive turns and forces the ball bearings to press against the channel inside the nut. This forces the nut to go along the worm drive. The nut itself has several gear teeth cast in to the outside of it and these mesh with the teeth on a sector gear which can be attached to the cross shaft the same as in the sector and worm mechanism. This system has much less free play or slack within it than the other designs, hence why it’s used the most. The example below shows a recirculating ball mechanism with the nut shown in cutaway in order to see the ball bearings along with the recirculation channel.

Cam and lever

lever and Cam pitman arm steering box

Cam and lever steering boxes are nearly the same as sector and worm steering boxes. The worm drive is regarded as a cam and has a much shallower pitch and the sector gear is replaced with two studs that sit in the cam channels. The studs slide along the cam channels which forces the cross shaft to rotate, turning the pitman arm, as the worm gear is turned. Among the design features of this style is that it turns the cross shaft 90° to the normal so it exits through the side of the steering box as opposed to the bottom. This may result in a very compact design when necessary.

Steering System designs : Rack and pinion

Rack and pinion steering components Rack and pinion steering cutaway

This is certainly by far the most everyday sort of steering you’ll find in any car today due to it’s relative simplicity and inexpensive. pinion and Rack systems give a much better feel for the driver, there isn’t the slop or slack associated with steering box pitman arm type systems. Unlike those pinion, rack and systems designs have no adjustability within them, so once they wear beyond a certain mechanical tolerance, they need replacing completely,. That’s the down-side. This is rare though.

In a rack and pinion system, the track rod is replaced with the steering rack which is a long, toothed bar with the tie rods attached to each end. On the end of the steering shaft there exists a simple pinion gear that meshes with the rack. Whenever you turn the steering wheel, the pinion gear turns, and moves the rack from left to right. Changing the size of the pinion gear alters the steering ratio. It really is so simple. The diagrams here show a good example rack and pinion system (left) and also a close-up cutaway of the steering rack itself (right).

Variable-ratio rack and pinion steering

This is a simple variation on the above design. All the components are the same, and it all works the same other than the spacing of the teeth on the rack varies depending on how close to the centre of the rack they are. In the middle, the teeth are spaced close together to give slight steering for your first part of the turn – good for not oversteering at speed. As being the teeth get further outside the centre, they increase in spacing slightly so that the wheels turn more for the same turn of the steering wheel towards full lock. Simple.

Here Is A Quick Tip About Getting Electric Cars


While the US government and invests research money into hydrogen powered cars, the news in green transportation is electric power.

Why all the fuss about running on electric?

Electric Cars: The Early Days…

The EV, or electric vehicle, is absolutely old news. The Scottish inventor Robert Davidson built one in 1837 and by the 1890s electric cars were being sold and made in Europe and the United States.

So, what happened to this environmentally friendly version of the horseless carriage?

The earliest electric cars were clean and quiet, but the cars ran out of energy in the most inconvenient places and they cost you a small fortune to buy. When Henry Ford’s assembly line brought the costs down and reliability up, gas run automobiles ran the electric car off the road. And the rest, as they say, is history. By the Roaring Twenties, transportation on streets and roads was powered by gas

It was only decades later that this world realized that oil had been a limited resource and a high pollution way to get around.

Today, government officials and scientific study has begun looking at ways to improve and revive the previous technology to ensure cars powered by electricity could compete in the open market making use of their gas-fueled cousins.

…And the Electric Car Now

On the road during 2010, the all electric Nissan is

manufactured to run for 100 miles without a recharge.

There are some who question whether the search for electric cars as an alternative to the gas powered automobile was ever serious. Oil companies possess a vested curiosity about keeping consumers addicted to gasoline.

Car makers have no incentive to push a cleaner car that could stay on the highway for decades with minor maintenance. Selling a new car to consumers every few years once the gas guzzler is broken down keeps the automobile industry in running a business. Getting customers back to change repair and oil worn parts in the combustion engine make many dollars for car dealerships and manufacturers.

Now, despite the lack of government and big business in the past, EVs are starting to get noticed. Small companies are popping up with EVs that can get up to speed quickly enough to outpace a Ferrari or perhaps a Porche over a 1/4 mile track. Batteries are also being improved to supply a longer range from charges.

More about electric cars around the Web:

EV World – reviews, Articles and education on EVs, Electric Hybrids, Hybids and EV Scooters will have you up to date on all the latest whether it’s just FYI or a bit of pre-buying research.

How Electric Cars Work – Look under the hood with a clear explanation in the technology behind electric models including photos, related and diagrams resources.

The Top Ten electric vehicles you can buy today (for the most part) – This blogger has a green attitude and plenty of info to share. Reviews the top ten electric cars including the Tesla Roadster, the Chevy Volt, UEV Spyder and more also in comments from other readers.

Tesla Motors – Get the scoop on the Tesla Roadster from the company which makes them…and reserve your personal if you’re in the market for a remarkably quiet, fuel efficient, two passenger sports vehicle.